(NLT, Matthew 22:35-40) The English word "love" has many shades of meaning, but the "love" that Jesus spoke of is a translation of the Greek word agape. What happened during Jesus’ last hours on earth? Matthew 5:21 Exodus 20:13; Matthew 5:22 The Greek word for brother or sister (adelphos) refers here to a fellow disciple, whether man or woman; also in verse 23. Then He opened His mouth and taught them, saying: “Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven. tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. With less of you there is more of God and his rule. Assuredly, I say to you, you will by no means get out of there till you have paid the last penny. Take the following verses out of Matthew. 20:22]; Luke 6:29; [Rom. Thou shalt not kill. The external virtue and exterior purity of these religious men was not … Christ, the Divine Lawgiver, modifies it. By our brother, here, we are to … The Scriptures are clear that those who commit murder are liable to the court. Num 35:16-18” (Luz 2007, 234).. Jesus’ comments concerning anger have no direct parallels in the … a 4 * Blessed are they who mourn, b. for they will be comforted. 2:23, Job 25:3; Ps. Did Jesus mean we should literally pluck out our eyes and cut off our hands in Matthew 5:29-30 and 18:8-9? Depart from me”? Why are Jesus’ genealogies in Matthew and Luke so different? 11 (N)Blessed are you when they revile and persecute you, and say all kinds of (O)evil against you falsely for My sake. What was the reason behind Peter’s denial of Jesus? In Matthew 5:21, Jesus recalled the sixth commandment, “You shall not murder” (Exodus 20:13). 21:4, 2 Chr. This page last updated: December 21, 2020. Matthew 5-7 is the Sermon on the Mount, the best known collection of Jesus’ teachings. Parallel passages and textual variants. Whenever I feel like killing someone, I try to remember not to say so. Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth. What does it mean to let your yes be yes and your no be no? What does ‘blessed are those who mourn’ mean? while you are on the way with him, lest your adversary deliver you to the judge, the judge hand you over to the officer, and you be thrown into prison. 20:29, Mk 10:46), while in Luke as they were entering the town (Lk. 174 1) Some understand that Jesus came to do the Law, and this is a statement that His actions fulfill the righteous requirement of the Law. Here are some questions we might want to consider before or discuss during class: How well… If I do not forgive others, does that mean my sins are not forgiven? Matthew 5:21-24 - NIV: “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder,and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’ But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject to judgment. Matthew 3:2 And saying, Repent you: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Dr. David E. Leininger. Interpretation of the precepts relative to murder, anger, and injurious speaking, Matthew 5:21, Matthew 5:22. What is the overarching theme of Jesus' teaching in our entire passage, verses 21-26? What is the meaning of the Parable of the Sheep and Goats? Thus they explained away its spiritual meaning. What did Jesus mean when He said, “I never knew you. (24-25) Pilate tries to avoid responsibility for Jesus’ fate. 36 Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. Copyright © 1982 by Thomas Nelson. What is the meaning of “where two or three are gathered” in Matthew 18:20? All rights reserved. 48 (BL)Therefore you shall be perfect, just (BM)as your Father in heaven is perfect. Recently, I noticed someone using sloppy exegesis to determine the meaning of some scriptures. Who are the "least of these" in the Bible? Matthew 5:21 is the twenty-first verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.It opens the first of what have traditionally been known as the Antitheses in which Jesus compares the current interpretation of a part of Mosaic Law with how it should actually be understood. 18 For assuredly, I say to you, (Y)till heaven and earth pass away, one [b]jot or one [c]tittle will by no means pass from the law till all is fulfilled. 42 Give to him who asks you, and (BC)from him who wants to borrow from you do not turn away. What does it mean to have mustard seed faith? 40 If anyone wants to sue you and take away your tunic, let him have your cloak also. In Matthew 5:21-26, it is not enough not to murder someone; we must guard against harboring anger that leads to insults and broken relationships. The passage reads as follows: “You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.’ But I say to you that whoever is angry with … Matthew’s extension to human beings of the authority to forgive sins points to the belief that such authority was being claimed by Matthew’s church. so they persecuted the prophets who were before you. This verse begins the discussion of … Why did Jesus say, 'My God, my God, why have you forsaken me'? * [9:9–17] In this section the order is the same as that of Mk 2:13–22. “Do not worry about tomorrow”—is that even possible (Matthew 6:34)? That does not mean that the individual has broken every law, or that some violations are not as serious as others, but it does mean that the one who breaks the law, any part of the law, is before the law condemned. Law and Order fan. leave your gift there before the altar, and go your way. 33 “Again you have heard that (AQ)it was said to those of [m]old, (AR)‘You shall not swear falsely, but (AS)shall perform your oaths to the Lord.’ 34 But I say to you, (AT)do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is (AU)God’s throne; 35 nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of (AV)the great King. What are the last seven sayings of Christ and what do they mean? Jesus breaks into the public arena proclaiming, “repent, for the kingdom of heaven has come near” (Matthew 4:17). Eye for eye and tooth for tooth: In Jesus’ day, these words from the Law (Ex 21:24; Le 24:20) were misapplied to condone personal vengeance. Matthew 5:21-37 . It was a derogatory expression meaning “empty-headed,” insinuating a person’s stupidity or inferiority. Jesus warned that the use of such a word to describe someone was tantamount to murder and deserving of the severest punishment of the law. Nor shall you swear by your head, because you cannot make one hair white or black. In Matthew there are two unnamed blind men (20:30), in Luke a single unnamed blind man (18:35), while in Mark he is called Bartimaeus son of Timaues (10:46). Why should we consider the lilies of the field (Matthew 6:28)? 18:15-19), not to push the person away with insults or slander. I have come not to abolish but to complete them. This verse does not end with a period, but a colon. 7:3]; 1 Cor. What were the key events in the life of Jesus Christ? In Matthew and Mark, the incident happens as Jesus and the disciples were leaving Jericho (Matt. What was the meaning of Jesus walking on water? (Matthew 5:21-26) Verses 21-22 are about murder, anger, and insult. However, this law was properly applied only after cases came to trial and the appointed judges determined the appropriate punishment. 5 * Blessed are the meek, c. for they will … 1:15, NKJV, Open Bible, Red Letter Edition, Comfort Print: Complete Reference System, NKJV, Abide Bible, Red Letter Edition, Comfort Print: Holy Bible, New King James Version, NKJV, The Story: The Bible as One Continuing Story of God and His People, NKJV, Vines Expository Bible, Comfort Print: A Guided Journey Through the Scriptures with Pastor Jerry Vines, The NKJV, American Patriot's Bible, Hardcover: The Word of God and the Shaping of America, NKJV, Bride's Bible, Leathersoft, White, Red Letter, Comfort Print: Holy Bible, New King James Version. Matt. Nazarenism is summed up by Paul, "Examine everything carefully and hold fast to that which is good" (1 Thessalonians 5:21) but provided with an essential fundament by Jesus, "until heaven and earth pass away, not the smallest letter or stroke shall pass from the Law until all is accomplished" (Matthew … for those who spitefully use you and persecute you, that you may be sons of your Father in heaven; for. Those who were apprenticed to him, the committed, climbed with him. 28 But I … What does it mean that the rain falls on the just and the unjust? 20 For I say to you, that unless your righteousness exceeds (AA)the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, you will by no means enter the kingdom of heaven. Is it possible to know when Jesus is coming back? 11:2–5; Job 31:1; Prov. looks at a woman to lust for her has already committed adultery with her in his heart. What is the meaning of the Parable of the Vineyard? 19 (Z)Whoever therefore breaks one of the least of these commandments, and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but whoever does and teaches them, he shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. What is the meaning of the Parable of the Wedding Feast? The old testament focused mostly on the actions of men (i.e. THE GOSPEL ACCORDING TO MATTHEW The position of the Gospel according to Matthew as the first of the four gospels in the New Testament reflects both the view that it was the first to be written, a view that goes back to the late second century A.D., and the esteem in which it was held by the church; no other was so frequently quoted in the noncanonical literature of earliest Christianity. 2 He began to teach them, saying: . I did not come to destroy but to fulfill. 23:37; Acts 7:52; 1 Thess. Christ showed the full meaning of this commandment; according to which we must be judged hereafter, and therefore ought to be ruled now. Mt 5:21 Ye have heard. What is the meaning of the Parable of the Unforgiving / Unmerciful Servant? 14 (T)“You are the light of the world. 21 “You have heard that it was said to the men of old, ‘You shall not kill; and … There is a church in Columbia, SC near the seminary I attended which has one of those bulletin boards out front to list service times, special events, sermon subjects, and so on. Someone has suggested that the key to Christ’s Sermon on the Mount lies in verse 20, which tells us that unless we are more righteous than the scribes and Pharisees of Christ’s day, we will not even enter the kingdom of heaven. Does Matthew 7:21-23 mean that believers can lose salvation? Why did He cleanse the temple? I’m glad he’s dead. Matthew 5:21-26 Matthew 5:27-30 Matthew 5:31-32 Matthew 5:33-37 Matthew 5:38-42 Matthew 5:43-48 Matthew 6:1-4 Matthew 6:5-6 Matthew 6:7-15 Matthew 6:16-18 Matthew 6:19-21 Matthew 6:22-24 Matthew 6:25-33 Matthew 7:1-6 Matthew 7:7-12 Matthew 7:13-20 Matthew 7:21-29 : Matthew 5:21-26. What does it mean that “a bruised reed He will not break” in Matthew 12:20? What did Jesus mean when He said, “Render to Caesar what is Caesar’s”? It takes a new, a deeper, a more spiritual shape and meaning. Why did Jesus tell the rich young ruler he could be saved by obeying the commandments? What is the significance of the triumphal entry? 2 And he opened his mouth, and taught them, saying,. What did Jesus mean when He said to "not cast your pearls before swine" (Matthew 7:6)? The name Matthew can be traced back to various Hebrew names: Matthija, Matthitja, Mattanja or Matthai, which all have the same meaning - "gift of the Lord". And whoever says to his brother. “Do not think that I came to destroy the Law or the Prophets. Philip Impey. In it, readers can find most of the significant themes relevant to the remainder of Matthew’s story about Jesus. The second statement is true, but it is a major change of meaning for it reduces and confines what God says about murder to mere punishment at the hands of a civil magistrate. 3:9], Luke 23:34; Acts 7:60; 1 Cor. In Matthew 5:21, Jesus recalled the sixth … The interpretations of the meaning of “fulfill” in Matthew 5:17 basically fall into three categories. What does ‘blessed are the peacemakers’ mean? What does ‘blessed are the meek’ mean? What was the meaning and purpose of Jesus’ temptations? The Beatitudes - And seeing the multitudes, He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. Can the elect be deceived (Matthew 24:24)? It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men. What is the significance of Jesus saying, “The blind leading the blind” (Matthew 15:14)? I find the best way to deal with someone who you think is a fool is not to be personal- refer to the action not the person. Matthew 5:21-26: "You have heard that it was said to your ancestors, 'You shall not kill; and whoever kills will be liable to judgement.' For several years there … What phrase does Matthew use to indicate By them of old time. Matthew 5:22 Some manuscripts brother or sister without cause; Matthew 5:22 An Aramaic term of contempt What does it mean that you cannot serve two masters in Matthew 6:24? for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Why are there two demon-possessed men in the Gerasene tombs in Matthew, but only one in Mark and Luke? 11:35–37; James 5:10, 2 Sam. 29 (AL)If your right eye causes you to [j]sin, (AM)pluck it out and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. What does it mean that heaven and earth will pass away? Commentary on Matthew 5:21-26 (Read Matthew 5:21-26) The Jewish teachers had taught, that nothing except actual murder was forbidden by the sixth commandment. In danger of the judgment. What does it mean that Jesus had nowhere to lay his head? 16 In the same way your light must shine in people's sight, so that, seeing your good works, they may give praise to your Father in heaven.. 17 'Do not imagine that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets. What was the meaning and importance of the baptism of John the Baptist? Of impure acts and propensities, and the necessity of mortification, Matthew 5:27-30. Why did Jesus say, “Let the little children come to me”? This was the true Wisdom, fully justified of her children (Luke 7:35; compare Matthew 11:19), while, as touching the other "Wisdom," Christ could give thanks that God had seen fit to hide His mysteries from the wise and prudent and reveal them unto "babes" (Luke 10:21 parallel Matthew 11:25). This is what he said: “You’re blessed when you’re at the end of your rope. 27 “You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall not commit adultery. Commentary on Matthew 5:21-26 (Read Matthew 5:21-26) The Jewish teachers had taught, that nothing except actual murder was forbidden by the sixth commandment. 46 (BK)For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? What is the meaning of the Parable of the Dragnet? What does it mean that we should not let our left hand know what our right hand is doing (Matthew 6:3–4)? Why did Jesus refer to the Pharisees as a “child of hell” in Matthew 23:15? We are studying Matthew 5:21-32 for Sunday, July 14 – the first part of Jesus’ explanation of what it means for one’s righteousness to exceed that of the scribes and the Pharisees. What does it mean that the house of prayer had been turned into a den of thieves? 18:35). How many times did Jesus cleanse the temple? What did Jesus mean when He said, "this generation will not pass"? What does the Bible mean when it refers to the gnashing of teeth? He traces the roots of murder and war to three major sources: 1) anger, 2) hatred, and 3) the spirit of competition and aggression—in short, the self-centeredness of passionate carnality. The Gospel of Matthew portrays Jesus as the classic authoritative teacher. Much of this material is also found in the Gospel of Luke, part of it in the Sermon on the Plain (Luke 6:17-49) and the rest of it elsewhere (Luke 11:2-4, 9-13, 34-36; 12:22-34, 57-59; 13:24-27; 14:34-35; 16:18). light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all. Matthew 4:17 From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. What does it mean when Jesus says “my yoke is easy and my burden is light” (Matthew 11:30)? Is there an error in the counting of the generations in Matthew chapter 1? What did Jesus mean when He said, “He who has ears to hear”? Chicago, IL: Moody Press) Enochos - 16v in the Septuagint - Ge 26:11; Ex … What does it mean that blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness? But whoever says. What does it mean that believers are to be salt and light (Matthew 5:13-16)? Did Jesus contradict the Law in Matthew 5:21-22? 38 “You have heard that it was said, (AY)‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ 39 (AZ)But I tell you not to resist an evil person. What does it mean to be “fishers of men”? Who were the twelve (12) disciples / apostles of Jesus Christ? The gospel does not contain any details about its exact time of writing, therefore the opinions in regard to that vary considerably. do not swear at all: neither by heaven, for it is, nor by the earth, for it is His footstool; nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of. 30 And if your right hand causes you to [k]sin, cut it off and cast it from you; for it is more profitable for you that one of your members perish, than for your whole body to be cast into hell. What is the significance of Jesus calming the storm? 5 And seeing the multitudes, (B)He went up on a mountain, and when He was seated His disciples came to Him. Blessed are those who mourn, For they shall be comforted. What did Jesus mean when He said the eye is the lamp of the body (Matthew 6:22)? First be reconciled to your brother, and then come and offer your gift. What did Jesus mean when He told us to ask, seek, and knock? What does it mean that you will know them by their fruit in Matthew 7:16? 41 And whoever (BB)compels you to go one mile, go with him two. That got me to thinking that it might be a good exercise to post not some exposition but rather analysis that I would use to determine the meaning of the text so that I could exposit it. The spirituality of the True Righteousness in contrast with that of the Scribes and Pharisees, Illustrated from the Sixth Commandment. Why did Jesus call the Canaanite woman a dog? sexual immorality causes her to commit adultery; and whoever marries a woman who is divorced commits adultery. 5. For if you love those who love you, what reward have you? What can we learn from the account of Peter walking on water? ... (2 Corinthians 5:21) iii. He illustrates what is meant through a series on contrasts 1) Between what they had heard from those of old 2) And what He was now … Did Mary have other children? Are the Jews cursed because they killed Christ and asked for “His blood to be on us,” according to Matthew 27:25? 15 Nor do they (U)light a lamp and put it under a basket, but on a lampstand, and it gives light to all who are in the house. These two sections have ramifications for how Jesus viewed the Law of Moses and whether the Mosaic Law is binding on Christians today. What does it mean that blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake? 2:15; Heb. … THE SERMON ON THE MOUNT. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. What does it mean that the kingdom of God suffers violence? Should we be baptized in Jesus’ name (Acts 2:38), or in the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19)? What does it mean to be wise as serpents and harmless as doves (Matthew 10:16)? People's Bible Notes for Matthew 5:21. He makes His sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just and on the unjust. It is then good for nothing but to be thrown out and trampled underfoot by men. 11:44; 19:2; Luke 6:36; [Col. 1:28; 4:12]; James 1:4; 1 Pet. CHAPTER 5. Romans 13:3-4 even states that … Why is Jesus called the stumbling stone in Matthew 21:43-44? As Jesus begins, the audience is apparently his closest disciples (5:1); when he ends, the audience is … Continue reading "Commentary on Matthew … 15:19; James 1:14, 15], [Matt. What is the meaning of those who were raised to life at Jesus’ death (Matthew 27:52-53)? Clarke's Matthew 5:21 Bible Commentary Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time - τοις αρχαιοις, to or by the ancients. What does it mean that “where your treasure is there will your heart be also”? Why does Matthew 27:9 attribute the prophecy to Jeremiah when it is from Zechariah? but if the salt loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned? Remainder of the New Testament: (1) James 37 (AW)But let [n]your ‘Yes’ be ‘Yes,’ and your ‘No,’ ‘No.’ For whatever is more than these is from the evil one. What does it mean to strain at a gnat but swallow a camel? 36:16; Neh. Jesus cites two traditional sayings in Matt 5:21. Why did Jesus rebuke the scribes and Pharisees so harshly in Matthew 23:13–36? One of the ten commandments. "Angry without a cause" indicates someone vainly or uselessly incensed. 7:11, [Prov. 12:17; 1 Cor. 6:25; [Matt. (James . In what way was John the Baptist the greatest (Matthew 11:11)? Sometimes pastors will state the word is particularly foul; I have occasionally said raca is a four-letter F–word in order to tease out the shock value. 19:9; Mark 10:11; Luke 16:18; Rom. compels you to go one mile, go with him two. Even in these early chapters, Matthew shows that some will respond to Jesus with joy and worship (2:10) and others with rejection and heartbreaking evil (2:16). A cursory reading of Matthew 5:21-22 shows that He is speaking not so much about murder but of the steps that lead to it. That’s good advice. Was Jesus’ statement to the disciples in Luke 9:27 (also Matthew 16:28; Mark 9:1) incorrect? What was the meaning and importance of the transfiguration? 1:7]; Rev. 2 Then He opened His mouth and (C)taught them, saying: 3 “Blessed(D) are the poor in spirit,For theirs is the kingdom of heaven.4 (E)Blessed are those who mourn,For they shall be comforted.5 (F)Blessed are the meek,For (G)they shall inherit the [a]earth.6 Blessed are those who (H)hunger and thirst for righteousness,(I)For they shall be filled.7 Blessed are the merciful,(J)For they shall obtain mercy.8 (K)Blessed are the pure in heart,For (L)they shall see God.9 Blessed are the peacemakers,For they shall be called sons of God.10 (M)Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness’ sake,For theirs is the kingdom of heaven. committing murder) which displeased God. What is the meaning of those who were raised to life at Jesus’ death (Matthew 27:52-53)? Did John the Baptist lose his faith in Jesus as the Messiah (Matthew 11:3; Luke 7:19)? Arriving at a quiet place, he sat down and taught his climbing companions. Why are there distinctions in judgments and penalties, and what do they mean? 12 (P)Rejoice and be exceedingly glad, for great is your reward in heaven, for (Q)so they persecuted the prophets who were before you. What does it mean that “out of the mouth of babes You have perfected praise” (Matthew 21:16)? 61:2, 3; Luke 6:21; [John 16:20]; Acts 16:34; [2 Cor. Matthew 8 Chapter 7 This chapter continues and concludes Christ’s sermon on the mount, which is purely practical, directing us to order our conversation aright, both toward God and man; for the design of the Christian religion is to make men good, every way good. ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’. What did Jesus mean when He instructed us to turn the other cheek? Matthew 5:21-30 . Matthew 5:22 is the twenty-second verse of the fifth chapter of the Gospel of Matthew in the New Testament and is part of the Sermon on the Mount.It is the first of what have traditionally been known as the 6 Antitheses.In this one, Jesus compares the current interpretation of "You shall not murder" from the Ten Commandments (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17) with his own … And whoever says to his brother, (AE)‘Raca!’[f] shall be in danger of the council. 9:26; Matt. Verses 23-24 discuss some fault against one's brother. (Mat 5:21-22) Jesus interprets the law against murder. What trials did Jesus face before His crucifixion? —De 19:15-21. Of oaths and profane swearing, Matthew 5:33-37. What is the meaning of the Parable of the Two Sons? —, the matter of the fig tree, as if it were a small affair, not worth speaking about. Says, [ Matt the earth ) Jesus interprets the law or the Prophets it is from?... Her to commit adultery ’, whoever divorces his wife, let him Give her a of... 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Verses 18-22 ) 17:1 ; Mark 3:13 ; Luke 6:21 ; [ 2 Cor are to … Matthew 21:21 a. From you do more than others not cast your pearls before swine (. And expressions of hate also Matthew 16:28 ; Mark 3:13 ; Luke 6:36 ; [ 16:20..., ” according to Matthew 27:25 tooth for a tooth. ’ say that He sent... To avoid responsibility for Jesus ’ death ( Matthew 15:24 ) to shake the dust off your feet are light. Have come not to resist an evil person Baptist refer to our earthly Father as “father” Matthew... Loses its flavor, how shall it be seasoned murder as well as and! Why are there matthew 5:21 meaning demon-possessed men in the Gerasene tombs in Matthew chapter 1:! Forbidden by the sixth commandment, “ you shall not murder ” ( Matthew 24:24 ) f ] shall in! He who endures to the Pharisees as a brood of vipers when He his. Saying: climbing companions come and offer your gift there before the altar, there!! ’ [ f ] shall be in danger of the body ( Matthew 6:28 ) few are in... 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