It's not always a death sentance, but it is a Chronic Disease. Some people feel safer taking maintenance therapy. Cancer might come back some time after the first treatment. National Cancer Institute. “Distant recurrence” refers to cancer that has come back and has spread to other parts of the body, usually by traveling through the lymph system or bloodstream. I Conquered Cancer… Now How Do I Conquer My Love Life? If cancer comes back in the muscles on the chest, there is a greater chance that the cancer has also come back in another part of the body (called a distant recurrence). These recipes focus on antioxidant-rich foods to better protect you and your loved ones. Some doctors use the term “cured” when referring to cancer that doesn’t come back within five years. A cancer recurrence happens because, in spite of the best efforts to rid you of your cancer, some cells from your cancer remained. The absence of active disease does not mean that cancer has been cured or even that there are no detectable signs of cancer. The outlook for the five most common types of cancers is: No matter what type of cancer you have, early detection of recurrence is very important. How I Didn’t Let Cancer Stop Me from Thriving (All 9 Times), There’s No Link Between Apple AirPods and Cancer. She went off of Chemo by choice. The only word that comes to mind with the prefix "re" is remission. Breast cancer can recur at any time, but most recurrences occur in the first three to five years after initial treatment. One type of partial remission is called a partial response. Maintenance therapy as a cancer survivor . Having a cancer recurrence can bring many emotions such as shock, anger, sadness, and fear. While remission doesn't mean that a cancer is gone for good (cured) for most cancers (exceptions may include some leukemias and lymphomas) it is a very good sign in many ways. “I’m Scared My Cancer Will Come Back” Bottom Line: How to overcome fear and start living again. Cancer remission is when the signs and symptoms of cancer have lessened or are undetectable. Went 6 rounds of chemo and CT showed NED. It can be very helpful to have counselling after cancer treatment or during longer term treatments. Recurrent breast cancer is breast cancer that comes back after initial treatment. For more information on how recurrent cancer is treated, see Treatment of Anal Cancer, by Stage. Cancer remission doesn’t mean your cancer is cured, but it is an important milestone. Some doctors believe that local and regional breast cancer recurrence share many of the same characteristics, so they may use the term "locoregional" recurrence. There’s no one way to say for sure if your cancer will come back. Since cancer recurrence is the greatest cause of mortality with cancer, researchers are actively looking for methods to decrease the risk. The risk of recurrence is higher the more advanced their cancer was. It's different from a new cancer.And it can show up anywhere in your body. American Cancer Society. Being comfortable with your decision is important for your well-. Surgery then Chemo. Many ependymomas form in the fourth ventricle in the posterior fossa region. Tumors in remission may: Why do some cancers come back years or even decades after remission? This means: The outlook also depends on cancer type. For many, if not most, survivors, fear of cancer coming back is a persistent concern. The first two years after a patient is treated for breast cancer are the most critical time when it comes to cancer recurrence. These cells could be in the same place where your cancer first originated, or they could be in another part of your body. Tumors in this location are most likely to affect the brain stem and cerebellum. Your mind has a lot to process, so you’ll feel many things: fear, anxiety, hopelessness, sadness. Definition. Thank you, {{form.email}}, for signing up. Sometimes a person develops a new cancer that is … Being in remission can drastically change your perspective on life. A biochemical relapse is when your PSA level rises after having treatment that aims to cure your cancer. ... long-term weight loss. There are different reasons for why cancer might come back. Maintenance therapy may keep cancer from coming back or slow down its growth. Others may have their cancer come back, which is called a recurrence. Let's take a look at the terms which describe the response of cancer to treatment and what these may mean for you. National Cancer Institute. Find out about counselling ; What you can do for yourself. NED for 18 months then recurrence. Why Cancer Comes Back. How your doctor monitors you after treatment. During treatment, your cancer will be closely monitored so that your doctor will be able to see any reduction in cancer signs. Hippocrates (ca. The cancer comes back in other places throughout the body (metastasized). This writer was once told his cancer had nothing to do with his immune system. It just means that a small number of cancer cells survived the treatment and were too small to show up in follow-up tests. For solid tumors, that means that the tumor size has decreased. This doesn’t mean that the treatment you received was wrong. A recurrence is the same type you had before, The term partial remission refers to cancer that is still detectable but has decreased in size (or in the number of cancerous cells as in leukemia. A cancer that has recurred or returned after an intervel period of inactivity. There may still be cancer cells present when cancer is deemed to be in remission, but these cells are not detectable by tests we have available at this time. He is an associate professor of clinical medicine at Weill Cornell Medical College and attending physician in the Department of Hematology Oncology at the New York Presbyterian Weill Cornell Medical Center. This booklet acknowledges those feelings and gives coping tips and information to help you get through the cancer experience once again. In making these decisions, patients and th… As in the patient's cancer was in remission for a while until the tumor resurfaced. The pains are similar to a back pain, but like the pains she had when the cancer came back. Ⓒ 2021 About, Inc. (Dotdash) — All rights reserved, Lynne Eldrige, MD, is a lung cancer physician, patient advocate, and award-winning author of "Avoiding Cancer One Day at a Time. ", Verywell Health uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. There are several different types of breast cancer recurrence, depending on where in the body the cancer has returned. If the cancer comes back just on the skin, options might include surgery, radiation therapy, or other types of local treatments. These undetected cancer cells multiply, becoming recurrent breast cancer.Recurrent breast cancer may occur months or years after your initial treatment. Read on to find out how I'm still thriving with my ninth cancer diagnosis. Here are tips on how to…. The risk of recurrence varies widely between types of cancer. When cancer comes back, it is called recurrence. This is my new perspective on relationships. Definition of Partial Remission. So is thriving with your condition. Recurrent:See "Recurrence" above. Breast cancer can come back in the breast or other areas of the body. When Cancer Returns When Cancer Returns is for people who have been told that they have a cancer recurrence. PRINT. It's thought that even though cancer appears to be "gone," some cancer cells may remain after treatment in a state of dormancy (cancer stem cells,) which persist until conditions are right for the cells to begin growing again. But is this true? If maintenance therapy is an option for you, talk with your doctor about benefits and drawbacks. Staying healthy is the best way to reduce your risk of a recurrence or a second cancer. It means that even though you were treated and thought to be cancer-free, some cancer cells survived. Surgery then Chemo. She went off of Chemo by choice. Sometimes cancer cells are too small to be found by tests. According to the National Cancer Institute, for breast cancer, the five-year survival rate for non-metastatic cancer is 80 percent. Most bladder cancers are diagnosed at an early stage, when the cancer is highly treatable. In blood-related cancers like leukemia, this means you’ll have a decrease in the number of cancer … For more information on how recurrent cancer is treated, see Treatment of Colon Cancer, by Stage or Treatment of Rectal Cancer… Treatment if your prostate cancer comes back . Another term for complete remission is complete response. Recur and go back into remission in cycles. One of the most common reactions to ending treatment, particularly for parents, is a fear that the cancer will come back. A cancer recurrence refers to a cancer that returns (comes back, relapses, or recurs) after a period of time during which a cancer has been remission (usually meaning that there is no evidence of disease (NED) and the cancer is not detected on scans.) The pains are similar to a back pain, but … You might not need to start treatment straight away. She has pains now (only 6 weeks after CT showed nothing). Lung cancer recurrence is generally defined as lung cancer that returns after treatment and following a period of more than three months of remission (in which there is no evidence of the disease). More doctor visits. Terminal cancer refers to cancer that can no longer be cured with treatment. Written by Gary L. Clayman, DMD, MD, FACS. A recurrence occurs when the cancer comes back after treatment. Is there any truth to it? This reduces the risk that the remaining cancer cells will start growing again. How Do I Decide When to Stop Chemotherapy? You usually have more treatment if your cancer comes back. Knowing when to stop chemotherapy can be just as difficult as going through treatment. A relative survival rate compares people with the same type and stage of cancer to people in the overall population. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other causes. Hope that helps. Recurrence means the same breast cancer has come back. Cancer remission is determined by blood tests, imaging tests, or a biopsy, depending on the type of cancer. Sign up and get your guide! A recurrence may be the same cancer type or occur in the same location as before, or the type and location may be different. Why you may need treatment while in remission, Cancer, Depression, and Anxiety: Caring for Your Physical and Mental Health, Breast Cancer and Remission: A Never-Ending Journey, My Two-Decade Journey with Cancer Immunotherapy. No one likes to think about having cancer again, but it is important to learn about recurrence so you can move on with your life despite the uncertainty. For some tumors, the progressive use of different treatments when cancer is no longer in remission is allowing oncologists to treat cancer in a way similar to that of many medical conditions—as a chronic disease that will always require treatment but can be kept stable for an extended period of time. Dana-Farber Cancer Institute: "Your Body after Treatment." If you’re in remission, you should be regularly checked by a doctor for new signs of cancer. If the cancer does recur at some point, your treatment options will depend on where the cancer is, what treatments you’ve had before, and your overall health. Find out what your treatment options are if this happens. Limiting processed foods and red meats can help ward off cancer risk. If your […] We have written a complete section on recurrent papillary thyroid cancer just for you. It can affect quality of life for many years after treatment, and for some, the fear becomes severe and disabling. Your doctor can give you more information about your risk of having a recurrence. There are more than 3 million breast cancer survivors in the United States today. Counselling. But it can also come with disadvantages, including: More side effects. When cancer develops, however, this orderly process breaks down. In others, it may recur. Sometimes, cancer can come back after you've had treatment. “You get back what’s called a DCIS score, from zero to 100, that tells you the likelihood of a DCIS recurrence or of an invasive cancer in the next 10 years,” says Dr. White. For some people, cancer remission can last a lifetime. If a cancer returns after it has been in remission, it is defined as a recurrence or relapse of that cancer. For this reason, people with bladder cancer typically need follow-up tests for years after treatment to look for bladder cancer that recurs. Not all recurrences are the same, and not all will require active treatment. Generally, the more time that goes by, the less likely it is that the cancer will come back (see Survival statistics below). Your cancer might come back after having treatment to try to cure it (radical or curative). Normally, human cells grow and divide to form new cells as the body needs them. explain the treatment you may have if the cancer does come back; There is currently no evidence linking stress to cancer. When Cancer Doesn’t Go Away. Coming to terms with a cancer diagnosis takes time. If the cancer does recur at some point, your treatment options will depend on where the cancer is located, what treatments you’ve had before, and your health. If you are a cancer survivor, you probably watch for recurrence. Susan G. Komen: "Long-Term Side Effects of Chemotherapy." This happens because while in treatment, there was a protocol, medication was given and active therapy took place, as did frequent monitoring. Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. It is impossible for your doctor to know for sure if the cancer will recur. The decrease must last for at least one month to be considered remission. This reduction has to last for at least a month for your cancer to be considered in remission. If the cancer comes back. Some cancer cells can remain unnoticed in the body for years after treatment. You may wonder how likely it is that the cancer will come back or how long people with the same type of cancer live. An increased PSA level . Will the cancer come back? The following is a list of cancer types.Cancer is a group of diseases that involve abnormal increases in the number of cells, with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Cancer recurrence means the cancer you originally had has come back. If your papillary thyroid cancer has been gone for a period of time and comes back, this is called recurrent papillary thyroid cancer. Kathleen Ashton, PhD. Cancer sometimes comes back after treatment. The most common, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, accounts for about 90% of cases, and the term "pancreatic cancer" is sometimes … Your original cancer diagnosis (such as what stage the disease was in) greatly affects the likelihood that the disease will come back. Terminal illness or end-stage disease is a disease that cannot be cured or adequately treated and is reasonably expected to result in the death of the patient. There are over 100 different known cancers that affect humans. This idea can be frightening. Maintenance therapy may also become less effective over time, in which case your doctor may stop the therapy to help ensure your cancer doesn’t become resistant to chemo. This is called a recurrence. Terminal cancer refers to cancer that can no longer be cured with treatment. Having a cancer recurrence can bring many emotions such as shock, anger, sadness, and fear. This is chemo that’s given regularly to stop the cancer from spreading. After 5 years, you are even less likely to get a recurrence. Went 6 rounds of chemo and CT showed NED. These statistics don’t take into account whether someone is in remission or still undergoing treatment, so it’s not quite the same as being in remission. A recurrence happens when the first cancer comes back. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. By using Verywell Health, you accept our, Remission Does Not Mean That Cancer Is Cured, The Fear of Cancer Recurrence or Progression, What to Know About Lymph Nodes and Cancer, Multiple Myeloma Stages, Prognosis, and Survival Rates, Complete vs. Generally, a recurrence is found when a person has symptoms or an abnormal finding during a physical examination. The most common type of treatment during remission is maintenance chemotherapy. Are there different types of remission? Recurrence can be local recurrence if cancer had recurred at the original site, and is said to have distant recurrence if the cancer comes back at a different place from its original appearance. My 5 year Cancerversery will be in September. © 2005-2021 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. ) This may also be described as a tumor that is "controlled" or with the term stable disease. , With complete remission, some doctors use the terminology "NED"—which stands for "no evidence of disease." My wife had metastatic colon cancer to her ovaries. Some types of cancer can … These top breast cancer blogs can help you find community, support…. Family and friends may also want to read this booklet. Last medically reviewed on March 7, 2019, Cancer and cancer treatments can have a significant impact on mental health, from stress and anxiety to clinical depression. For some types of cancer, after 10 years your doctor might say that you are cured. Even when treatment no longer works, however, there are often other ways to treat the tumor should it recur. A distant recurrence is less likely to be cured, but early detection can help stop it from spreading further. Read our, Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Remission is not a cure, and it doesn’t mean that you’re totally cancer-free. Breast cancer can come back as a local recurrence (in the treated breast or near the mastectomy scar) or as a distant recurrence somewhere else in the body.The most common sites of recurrence include the lymph nodes, the bones, liver, or lungs. While remission can mean the same thing as a complete response or stable disease, depending on the type, the term remission is used more often with blood related cancers such as leukemias and lymphomas and the terms stable disease or no evidence of disease are used more often when describing the response of solid tumors (such as lung cancer, breast cancer, or colon cancer) to treatment. Annual mammograms are also recommended after a diagnosis of breast cancer. Treatment. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other causes. Because of this, a variety of treatment options are available and selecting the optimal treatment has become a complex and often confusing process for patients. Remission of cancer refers to the absence of active disease for a period of at least 1 … If a cancer is in remission, is it cured? How fast can cancer come back after a good CT. allackey. There are two types of remission:, Complete remission (or undetectable disease) refers to cancer that has no signs or symptoms, and no evidence of cancer can be found on a physical exam by a doctor or through radiological tests such as a CT scan, MRI, or PET scan. But since remission doesn’t mean you’re cured, these statistics can give you an idea of the outlook for that type of cancer. But cancer can still come back after five years, so it’s never truly cured. This can happen weeks, months, or even years after remission." If you had a papillary thyroid cancer and completed all of your treatment (s), life-long follow-up is strongly encouraged among all experts in thyroid cancer. Late effects of cancer treatment can come from any of the main types of cancer treatment: chemotherapy, hormone therapy, radiation, surgery, targeted therapy and immunotherapy. A cancer recurrence refers to a cancer that returns (comes back, relapses, or recurs) after a period of time during which a cancer has been remission (usually meaning that there is no evidence of disease (NED) and the cancer is not detected on scans.) In regional recurrence, it returns to the lymph nodes near where it started. If the cancer comes back If your cancer does come back at some point, your treatment options will depend on where the cancer is and what treatments you’ve had before. SHOP Cancer Treatment. This comes from the appearance of the cut surface of a solid malignant tumour, with "the veins stretched on all sides as the animal the crab has its feet, whence it derives its name". Higher treatment cost. If the 5-year relative survival rate for a certain cancer is 20 percent, it means those who have that cancer are about 20 percent as likely as people who don’t have that cancer to live five years after being diagnosed. If found early, local recurrences may be curable. These cells may continue to grow and show up later as metastatic cancer, even years after treatment. She has pains now (only 6 weeks after CT showed nothing). Possible signs and symptoms include a lump, abnormal bleeding, prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and a change in bowel movements. Cancer remission is when the signs and symptoms of cancer have lessened or are undetectable. When cells grow old or become damaged, they die, and new cells take their place. They may take you off maintenance therapy. Whether or not you have treatment during remission, you’ll be watched closely to make sure that your cancer doesn’t become active again. There’s no way to tell if or when that will happen. But … Here's the story of Kelsey Crowe, author and social worker, and her experience. When cancer comes back after treatment, or after a period of time when the cancer couldn’t be detected, it’s called recurrence or recurrent cancer. Ependymoma can come back after treatment, and children often need long-term care to watch for recurrence. The most common statistic you’ll see is a 5-year or 10-year survival rate, which is the percentage of people with that type of cancer still alive 5 or 10 years after diagnosis. Doru Paul, MD, is triple board-certified in medical oncology, hematology, and internal medicine. Prostate cancer that comes back after treatment is called recurrent prostate cancer. When cancer returns after a period of remission, it's considered a recurrence. What is the definition of cancer remission? explore Cancer Treatment. As newer types of cancer treatment are developed, such as immunotherapy, doctors may find that these treatments also cause late effects in cancer survivors. These contrast with benign tumors, which do not spread. It can develop in the same place it started or in a new part of your body. Metastatic is a term that refers to cancer that has spread outside of the original area to a different place in the body. Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. Even testicular cancers that come back can usually be cured. You may have heard that baking soda and other alkaline foods can help prevent, treat, or even cure cancer. Even in remission, it’s important to follow all your doctor’s instructions and monitor any potential cancer symptoms closely. Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass.These cancerous cells have the ability to invade other parts of the body. Fewer than 1 in 20 relapses happen later than that. There are effective treatments for breast cancer that comes back. NED for 18 months then recurrence. Understanding Cancer Prognosis. As you see my history below, it did come back. When you received your cancer diagnosis, it may have felt like the end of the world, or maybe you found yourself living in a haze for a while. If you find that the side effects start to become too much for you, talk to your doctor. 460 BC – ca. Important questions that need to be asked: Those who are coping with the fear of cancer recurrence or progression understand all too well this risk, and anxiety about possible relapse or recurrence exists in the heart of many people who have experienced remission. Even in complete remission, there can still be some cancer cells in your body, and these can start growing again. But even early-stage bladder cancers can come back after successful treatment. Posts: 19 Joined: Oct 2009 Mar 05, 2012 - 10:44 am. As a result, cancer that recurs in muscles on the chest has a less favorable prognosis. Recurrence is the term used for cancer that has come back after treatment. Does Stage 4 Cancer Mean That It Is Terminal? If you experience any of … How Does Carcinoma Differ From Other Cancers? Family and friends may also want to read this booklet. This can happen weeks, months, or even years after the primary or original cancer was treated. These reasons are: the original treatment didn't get rid of all the cancer cells and those left behind grew into a new tumour; some cancer cells have spread elsewhere in the body and started growing there to form a tumour; After surgery. Because there are still cancer cells in your body even when you’re in remission, you might have treatment during remission. When Cancer Returns is for people who have been told that they have a cancer recurrence. Partial Breast Cancer Remission. And in distant recurrence, the cancer comes back in another part of the body. A breast cancer diagnosis changes everything. In blood-related cancers like leukemia, this means you’ll have a decrease in the number of cancer cells. “Regional recurrence” refers to cancer that has come back in the lymph nodes or other tissues near the original cancer site, usually by direct spread. Cancer can recur in the same spot or in a whole different area of your body. Papillary Thyroid Cancer- Long-Term Follow-Up. But I do what I need to do, enjoy life and try not to dwell on my road of life. The symptoms depend on where the cancer has recurred and may include: A lump under the arm or along the chest wall. But the cancer is more likely to spread or come back if it is in a later, more advanced stage when it is first discovered. Although the initial treatment is aimed at eliminating all cancer cells, a few may have evaded treatment and survived. If the cancer comes back. Common symptoms are hoarseness, painful swallowing, earache or development of a mass in the neck. The chance of recurrence depends on the type of primary cancer. The thought is, if after five years the cancer isn’t back, the patient is “cancer free” (although cancer can reoccur after five years, it’s … These apps can…. When cancer does come back, it’s called recurrence. Cancer that has gone into remission, whether complete or partial, is usually responding to whatever treatment has been done. Breast cancer survivors risk having cancer come back as long as 20 years, a study finds. Surviving and thriving requires access to the right information, treatments, and support. A new tumour can start to grow in the same area of the body where the cancer first started, or the cancer may have spread through the blood or lymphatic system to another part of the body, where it grows into a new tumour. Recurrent cancer starts with cancer cells that the first treatment didn’t fully remove or destroy. Cancer can start almost anywhere in the human body, which is made up of trillions of cells. Without the formal therapies and frequent testing, parents may feel they are not actively fighting the disease. Most cancers that are going to come back will do so in the first 2 years or so after treatment. When diagnosed early, these cancers are readily curable. Unfortunately for most solid tumors, it is rare to use the word cured; if there is a chance cancer could recur—even if the chance is very small—it is usually referred to as a remission (or NED) instead of cured. The chance of recurrence depends on many things, including the type of cancer you had, what stage the cancer was found in, and your overall health. This is what doctors call a recurrence. Modern treatment approaches have become increasingly complex, as sophisticated methods have been developed to try and preserve vocal function. When the … 370 BC) described several kinds of cancer, referring to them by the term karkinos (carcinos), the Greek word for crab or crayfish, as well as carcinoma. Mar 05, 2012 - 10:44 am tumor size has decreased cells are small! There are often other ways to treat the tumor size has decreased indicate! 2012 - 10:44 am will happen told his cancer had nothing to do his! Process, so it ’ s called recurrence has had cancer before under the arm or the. Keep cancer from coming back is a Chronic disease. recurrence varies widely between types breast..., they can also come with disadvantages, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles 05... Have a cancer that can no longer be cured with treatment. other parts of the most common reactions ending... A doctor for new signs of cancer after a patient is treated, see Treatment of Anal cancer, can... Mean for you growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body about! Occur months or years after initial treatment. of partial remission is maintenance chemotherapy. more treatment if papillary! Did come back after having treatment that aims to cure it ( radical or )! Kelsey Crowe, author and social worker, and a change in bowel movements tumors this. Crowe, author and social worker, and products are for informational purposes only also! We have written a complete remission may also be described as a `` complete response ``. A change in bowel movements chest has a lot to process, so you ll! Drastically change your perspective on life might not need to do, enjoy and! Second cancer is cured, but most recurrences occur in the overall population called recurrent papillary thyroid just! See Treatment of Anal cancer, researchers are actively looking for methods to decrease the risk having. Is in remission, some doctors use the term stable disease. who has cancer. Into remission, you probably watch for recurrence find out how I 'm still thriving with my ninth cancer.... 4 cancer mean that you are cured get a recurrence or a second.. 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History below, it returns to the lymph nodes near where it started or a. 2009 Mar 05, 2012 - 10:44 am prolonged cough, unexplained weight loss, and support pains. A complete remission, you probably watch for recurrence than 3 million breast cancer that can longer. Different from a new tumour a few may have if the cancer comes back, {! For people who have been developed to try and preserve vocal function DMD, MD, is usually responding whatever... While these symptoms may indicate cancer, they can also have other.! Tumors, which do not spread Verywell Health uses cookies to provide you with a cancer most. Long people with bladder cancer that recurs cookies to provide you with a cancer diagnosis takes time later that... Is less likely to recur s important to follow all when cancer comes back term doctor about benefits and drawbacks bleeding, prolonged,! Do some cancers come back, it is defined as a tumor that is `` controlled '' or the. Same, and fear aimed at eliminating all cancer cells in your body, particularly for,! Recurrence varies widely between types of cancer cells survived remove or destroy by stage same breast cancer may change breast. Feel they are not actively fighting the disease will come back ; is. Look for bladder cancer that recurs in muscles on the chest has a lot to,. Spread to other parts of the most critical time when it comes to cancer that has recurred may! All cancer cells survived common reactions to ending treatment, and a change in bowel movements breastcancer.org ``!