Colon cancer treatments can include surgery, radiofrequency ablation, cryosurgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. Your doctor will treat your colon cancer with surgery, chemotherapy, targeted therapies, radiation, or a combination of these treatments. Management of colorectal cancer Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequent solid tumors in the Western world. Hospice care allows colon cancer patients to have a rich and high quality of life even in the face of the life-limiting diagnosis of colon cancer. In many cases, they can be treated or prevented with medications or a change in diet. For some tumors, chemotherapy or — for rectal cancers — radiation are added to manage the disease. A Diet Plan for Before and After Colon Cancer Treatment Eating well is one of the best ways to prepare for and recover from a colon cancer treatment session. A surgical oncologist is a doctor who specializes in treating cance… In the first stage, IIA, the cancer has spread through the wall of the colon. Ask your doctor about the side effects of any medications before you start to take them. Stage III: A stage III colorectal cancer is considered an advanced stage of cancer as the disease has spread to the lymph nodes. Chemotherapy drugs can be given intravenously (into a vein) via an injection or a pump, or orally (by mouth) as a pill. Surgery is the treatment used most often for colorectal cancer. Once again, there are three smaller stages of stage III colorectal cancer. (Although hair loss is not common to most chemotherapy treatments for colorectal cancer, some people may experience hair thinning.). Policy, Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Standard practice for colon cancer is to offer surgery for … In the second stage, IIIB, more lymph nodes are affected or there is a more advanced lesion in the colon wall with one to three lymph nodes affected. CORONAVIRUS: DELAYS FOR ROUTINE SURGERIES, VISITOR RESTRICTIONS + COVID-19 TESTING. In this situation, since surgery usually cannot eliminate the cancer, chemotherapy can possibly shrink the tumor nodules, relieve symptoms and prolong life. Colon and rectal cancers require surgery if they are to be cured. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center provides world-class care to patients with cancer and is at the forefront of new and emerging clinical, translational and basic cancer research. The medical management of colorectal cancer (CRC) continues to represent an enormous challenge globally. Because traditional chemotherapy drugs target rapidly dividing cancer cells, they also kill other rapidly dividing healthy cells in the lining of the mouth and the gastrointestinal tract, the hair follicles, and the bone marrow. Cleveland Clinic Cancer Center provides world-class care to patients with cancer and is at the forefront of new and emerging clinical, translational and basic cancer research. Several different types of treatment are used; sometimes different treatments are combined. Learn more about the diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of … The type of surgery used to treat a rectal cancer is dependent upon its location, but includes a low anterior resection or an abdominoperineal resection. While both general surgeons and specialists may perform colorectal surgery, many people talk with specialists who have additional training and experience in colorectal surgery. Chemotherapy … People with colon cancers that have not spread to distant sites usually have surgery as the main or first treatment. Colon cancer is the third most common cancer in men and women in the U.S. Get the facts on colon cancer (colorectal cancer) signs, symptoms, causes, prognosis, treatment information, … Systemic chemotherapy and local pelvic radiotherapy are important adjuvant treatment modalities. Although surgery is the most common treatment for rectal cancer, advanced stages may also be treate… Surgery is the removal of the tumor and some surrounding healthy tissue during an operation. If you are having any side effects, tell your doctor. “Colon cancer patients specifically need extra protein and fiber to assist in keeping the colon clean as well as preventing infections from spreading.” Five to six small meals a day are … Find the latest information from the globally recognized leader in digestive diagnosis, treatments and surgical innovations. 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